Primary Pest Control - The Termite Specialists
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Rats´ biology and habits can make them challenging to control, and they present a serious threat to your home. Rats have well developed senses of smell taste and touch. They have an acute sense of hearing, frequently using ultrasound to communicate, and are particularly sensitive to any sudden noise. Both species breed rapidly and become sexually mature in about three months. Each female may produce from 3 to 12 litters of between six and eight young in a year. Rats need to gnaw to keep their constantly growing incisor teeth worn down. They damage woodwork, plastic, bricks and lead pipes, and will strip insulation from electrical cables.
Rats usually feed at night and an average of 50g food a day. Cereal products are their preferred foods, but rats are omnivorous and will eat almost anything that humans eat.
These rodents can carry many diseases, such as Salmonella or Listeria, which can be transferred to humans and animals through the rat´s urine.
Rats can ruin an organization’s reputation. If customers or clients spot indication of rodent infestation in the organizations´ premises, they are unlikely to want to do further business.
There are more than 60 rat species in Australia, which inhabit a huge range of the living space across the country. Most of these rats are native species, whereas the Black and Brown Rat are introduced species, which have adjusted to the Australian conditions rapidly.
Latin name: Rattusrattus
The Black Rat weighs 150-200 gram and is between 16 and 24 cm long. It has a pointed noise, large, almost hairless ears, a more slender body and a long thin tail that is longer than its body.
These rats are very agile and incredible good climbers. Moist fruits are their preferred food.
Black rats can be found in coastal towns and in many urban environments across Australia.
Latin name: Rattusnorvegicus
The Brown Rat is larger than the Black Rat, often weighing about 350 – 500 gram and measuring up to 40 cm, without its tail. It has a blunt nose, small hair-covered ears and a tail that is shorter than its body.
Besides the fact, that they are omnivorous, their preferred foods are cereal products.
Brown Rats live in any place that provides food, water and shelter. In houses, they will live in roof spaces, wall cavities or under floorboards. In gardens, they will burrow into grassy banks or under sheds. Brown Rats are often found living in sewer systems.
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