Primary Pest Control - The Termite Specialists
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Latin name: Lespismasacchrina
Silverfish, also known as firebrat, are about 15 mm long, with a uniform silvery color over the upper surface. They are long and slender, flattened. The bodies are broad at the front, and gradually tapering toward the rear.Silverfish can be found almost anywhere, but prefer damp, moderate temperature places such as basements, laundry rooms, and under sinks.
Females lay eggs continuously after reaching the adult stage and may lay over 100 eggs during her life. Eggs are deposited singly or in small groups in cracks and crevices and hatch in 3 to 5 weeks. Silverfish develop from egg to young to adult within 4 to 6 weeks and continue to moult throughout their life. Immature stages appear similar to adults except they are about 1.5 mm long when they first hatch and whitish in colour, taking on the adults’ silver colouring as they grow. Silverfish are long-lived, surviving from two to eight years. Simple metamorphosis: egg, nymph, adult.
Silverfish are chewing insects and general feeders but prefer carbohydrates and protein, including flour, dried meat, rolled oats, paper and even glue. They and can survive long periods, sometimes over a year, without food but are sensitive to moisture and require a high humidity (75% to 90%) to survive. They also have a temperature preference between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. They are fast running and mostly active at night and generally prefer lower levels in homes, but may sometimes be found in roof voids.
Primarily a nuisance pest inside the home and may contaminate food, damage paper goods and stain clothing; medically harmless. Many of their habits are similar to cockroaches. Occasionally, they damage book bindings, curtains or wallpaper. Silverfish are known to live under linoleum and may feed on mould growth in damp conditions.
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