Primary Pest Control - The Termite Specialists
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Mice can multiply rapidly and with their gnawing activities, they can cause great damage to your home, business and furniture. Their droppings have been implicated as potential asthma triggers to children and can also contaminate food or other materials. But mice are not only destructive, they can also cause fires when chewing through electrical cables.
Droppings, fresh gnaw marks, and tracks indicate areas where mice are active. Mouse nests are made from finely shredded paper or other fibrous material, usually in sheltered locations. House mice have a characteristic musky odor that reveals their presence. Mice are active mostly at night, but they can be seen occasionally during daylight hours.
In a single year, a female may have 5 to 10 litters of about 5 or 6 young. Young are born 19 to 21 days after conception, and they reach reproductive maturity in 6 to 10 weeks. The life span of a mouse is usually 9 to 12 months.
Because house mice are so small, they can gain entry into homes and other buildings much more easily than rats. As a result, house mouse infestations are probably 10 to 20 times more common than rat infestations. Effective control involves sanitation, exclusion, and population reduction. Sanitation and exclusion are preventive measures. When a mouse infestation already exists, some form of population reduction such as trapping or baiting is almost always necessary.
The first European settlers introduced mice to Australia, which have been a problem ever since. There are many different kinds of mice in this country, but only two species are considered to be a major pest – The common House Mouse and the Field Mouse.
Latin name: Mus domesticus
House Mice are small rodents with relatively small feet and head as well as large black eyes and ears. They weight maximum 30 gram and are usually light brownish to gray in colour. An adult House Mouse can get about 70-95 mm long, with a tail that measures almost the same length.
The House Mouse is one of the most troublesome and costly rodents in Australia. House mice thrive under a variety of conditions; they are found in and around homes and commercial structures as well as in open fields and on agricultural land. House mice consume and contaminate food meant for humans, pets, livestock, or other animals. In addition, they cause considerable damage to structures and property, and they can transmit pathogens that cause diseases such as salmonella, a form of food poisoning
When the temperatures outside are about to fall, house mice begin to search or a warmer place to live. They are often attracted by the smell of food and the warmth of a building. Their most preferred foods are cereals and nuts. Due to its small size, this rodent can use any opening, such as utility lines, pipe openings, and gaps beneath doors, to gain entry into a home.
Field Mice adults are about 80-100 mm in length, excluding the tail that measures 70-90 mm. The Male Field Mouse can gain weight up to 25 gram and the female can gain around 20 gram. They have a white belly and their fur on the head and back has a sandy-orange brown color.
These mice rarely enter inhabited buildings, but the cold temperatures during the winter months persuade them, to go into sheds or outhouses, which store fruit and vegetables. That’s the reason why Field mice represent a big threat to businesses that operate in farming and agriculture. Fortunately this species is not prevalent within Australia.
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