Primary Pest Control - The Termite Specialists
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Non-biting flies, such as houseflies, are not only nuisance pests, but they are also responsible for transmitting diseases and contaminating food. They pose a health risk to humans, pets and livestock and can infest your business. For instance, house flies are capable of contaminating food and transferring more than 100 pathogens, including salmonella, E. coli and tuberculosis. Food contamination is one of the main reasons that fly pest control is so important.
Sanitation is critical to controlling these pests, but accurate identification is essential for successful fly control. If a small fly problem is left uncontrolled, it can turn into a serious infestation. Some fly species are able to mature from eggs to adults in as few as seven days.
The most common flies in Australia are listed below.
An adult House fly ist about 5-8 mm long, has a grey thorax with 4 narrow stripes and a buff or yellow abdomen. Their body is covered with small hairs, which serve as taste organs.
The common house fly multiplies rapidly and is one of the most prevalent of all insect pests. It has been identified with over 100 different disease pathogens, including salmonella, tuberculosis and cholera. When feeding, flies regurgitate liquid from the stomach to dissolve food, and then use their sponging mouthparts to suck it up. They leave fecal spots, or “specks,” where they have walked, and in this way may transfer disease organisms to humans and animals.
They are attracted to all types of food, including human food, pet food, animal feed, food waste and even faeces. Seeing adult flies is usually the most common sign of activity and a potential problem. Larvae may also be seen as they crawl out of breeding material to pupate.
Under favorable conditions the house fly can reproduce enormously because of its short generation time and the large number of eggs (several batches of about 150 eggs) produced by each female. Eggs are laid in warm, moist, organic materials such as manure, garbage, lawn clippings, decaying vegetables and fruits, or soils contaminated with any of these materials. Under good conditions the eggs hatch in less than a day. The cream-colored larvae can then complete development within a week. Larvae of the house fly have a blunt posterior end and taper to a point at the head end. Larvae seek drier areas to pupate. Pupation lasts 4 to 5 days and a generation can be completed in less than 2 weeks.
Latin name: Drosophila species
Fruit flies are a common kitchen nuisance, especially in late fall and summer. Their head and thorax are yellow and tan while the abdomen can be dark, even black. Many types have red eyes.They get their common name from their small size and fondness of fruits. Fruit flies are not only a pest, but also act as disease vectors.
Fruit flies are small pests that are commonly found in homes, restaurants and other facilities where food is processed.Also known as vinegar flies, they are attracted by orange rinds, tomatoes ripening or bananas turning brown in the kitchen and lettuce left in the sink. They are also found on moist, decaying matter that has been stationary for several days.
Due to their tiny appearance, fruit flies can enter buildings from the outside through common window screen. They’re also brought into the house, especially the kitchen, on the product you bring home from the market. Fruit Flies breed in rotten fruits, unclean drains and even cleaning utensils like dusk mops.
Development to adult takes fruit flies between 7-30 days, depending on temperature conditions. An adult fruit fly is able to live 2-9 weeks.
Fruit flies are best prevented through vigilant sanitation practices. First steps are the daily remove of kitchen trash and clean counter surfaces.
Latin name: SpiriverpaLunulata
The adult Sand fly, also known as Biting Midges, is between 10-11 mm long and their body has a pale grey colour with bronze-brown eyes.
Female Sand flies prefer to lay their dark reddish-brown eggs in moist soil or in water. Larvae can live year-round, but adult sand flies are most active in June, July, and August.
Like mosquitoes, sand flies need to suck blood from humans and animals to survive. Only female sand flies rely on blood, whereas male do not and don’t need to bite.Sand flies are attracted to warm body temperatures. Bites produce reactions in humans such as swelling or rashes.
They are common household pests that can easily fly through window screens in their quest to find you for their next blood meal.
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